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YCAPS Afloat is a new initiative series through which Yokosuka Council on Asia-Pacific Studies (YCAPS) directly supports U.S. Navy personal in their efforts to expand their regional knowledge and strategic thinking while deployed. Working through commands’ leadership and/or Morale, Welfare and Recreation (MWR) programs, YCAPS Afloat provides information and other resources or, when there are sufficient interested personnel, establishes a YCAPS chapter on board specific ships.

The first YCAPS Afloat chapter is onboard the USS Blue Ridge, the 7th Fleet Flagship. Its members come from the Blue Ridge crew, the 7th Fleet Staff, and the embarked Marine force. Since Blue Ridge began its 2019 spring patrol, the chapter has been particularly active. It has organized a Japanese-language study club meeting three times a week and a weekly regional studies movie night. Supporting the professional development of Sailors’ during Blue Ridge’s port visits, it has also worked with the MWR program to recommend tours and provide information directly to those interested about the most valuable places to visit for those seeking to enlarge their regional understanding.

On March 15, YCAPS Afloat kicked off its inaugural port visit event in Manila with a discussion round-table featuring four prominent Filipino scholars: Jay Batongbacal, Richard Heydarian, Jose Custodio, and Deo Onda. Noteably, this was also the first YCAPS event to be organized outside of Japan. Eight Sailors attended and the event was developed in partnership with Japan-U.S. Military Program (JUMP). Each of the scholars introduced their areas of expertise before engaging with attendees in a round-table discussion.

Dr. Batongbacal began the discussion with a brief overview of the ongoing encroachment of the PRC into Philippine territorial waters and island formations since the departure of the U.S. military in the early 1990s through to the present day. He touched heavily on the influence that the Duterte presidency has had on growing ties with China, while approaching the relationship with the United States as one that the U.S. should not take for granted. He highlighted, however, that as of late, with sputtering execution of promised infrastructure and development projects from the PRC that the historical relationship with the United States still largely applied despite a perceived shift in Philippine foreign policy.

Mr. Heydarian provided detailed insight into the Duterte administration policy trends and cabinet members and drew many parallels with the Trump administration. The discussion specifically delved into Duterte’s reluctance to aggressively pursue action and pressure the international community to stand with the Philippines regarding the Hague’s ruling on the South China Sea Arbitration case. Instead, Duterte has chosen to placate the PRC with muffled rhetoric on the subject.

Mr. Custodio examined the role of the military in past and current administrations, emphasizing the large role the Philippine Army has had historically with the Navy or Air Force, and the impact this has had on Philippine foreign policy as the Philippines largely looks inward to maintain border integrity from separatists and rebel groups. This has left the Philippines wanting in terms of Naval and Air Force firepower and readiness, something that of late has begun to be addressed due to territorial incursion from the PRC.

Mr. Onda covered and answered questions regarding the condition of state-funded scientific research and institutions in the Philippines today, as well the impact of land reclamation on the destruction of natural fisheries surrounding the Philippines. He provided a unique look into what the PRC demands during so-called “joint research,” where in fact much of the data and research is done and kept by the Chinese exclusively, sometimes with the Philippine government’s blessing if that is seen as politically or economically advantageous to the administration.

“The toughest, yet most rewarding, thing I have ever done in my life”


Rotary Peace Fellows in Tohoku from David Labi on Vimeo.
By Mark Flanigan

As the Fifth anniversary of the terrible 3/11 disaster approaches, I have been reflecting more often on that fateful event. While it has largely faded from public consciousness, it’s important to remember the tens of thousands of people who suffered so terribly. With today’s news cycle of war in Syria, the Zika virus in Latin America, and the Presidential election in the U.S., it’s all too easy to forget what we were doing in the spring of 2011. As for me, I was living in Japan for the second time during that period (2010-12) and then had the opportunity to volunteer in the disaster relief efforts in Tohoku during Golden Week.

We Love Japan- Volunteering in Ishinomaki 077Although I was a full-time graduate student in Tokyo, I was actually on spring break and traveling by train through the hinterlands of Russia to meet my sister on 3/11. As we had no access to TV or the Internet on board the train, I did not even learn of the triple disaster until we reached Moscow. Even from a distance, I could tell that the magnitude of the crisis was unprecedented and far beyond anything that had come before. I was forced to change my return trip and flew instead to the U.S., where I waited anxiously for a resolution.

Fortunately, both Rotary International and ICU decided to continue our graduate fellowship, and I returned to Japan determined to continue my studies. While I was relieved to be back at school, I felt compelled to volunteer for something more in the face of such a large disaster, in order to give back to the country that had twice welcomed me warmly as a guest. I had worked on the 2010 Haiti Earthquake relief effort as a U.S. government civilian in Washington, D.C., but had never deployed to any disaster site firsthand — so I had no idea how to proceed.

Mark-Flanigan-Volunteer-Global-Education-MagazineI was happy to have the opportunity to join a volunteer effort through The Nippon Foundation, which organized over 100 university students from around the greater Tokyo area to travel up to Ishinomaki. Seven of us joined from ICU, including graduate and undergraduate students. Both Japanese and international, we bonded quickly with the other schools’ volunteers in our shared mission to serve those in need. Although the devastation was terrible, we could draw inspiration from the amazing courage shown by the fishermen and families we worked alongside to clean up the massive debris strewn across their community.

As a veteran, what struck me the most about our diverse student volunteer group was the group of young cadets from the National Defense Academy who had joined us. With their rucksacks, uniforms and crisp manner, they certainly stood out among the crowd. Once I introduced myself as a veteran, we formed fast friendships, based on our shared motivation for national service. They were always the first to rise each morning, and went about their duties with a diligence that was extremely admirable. In their own quiet way, they helped advance the idea of civil-military coordination to the other young university students, some of whom were initially suspicious of any form of public military affiliation.

I took away some key lessons learned from this experience with The Nippon Foundation.

We Love Japan- Volunteering in Ishinomaki 034• First, it is much better to go through an organized, coordinated relief effort, rather than just self-deploying and showing up where you may not be wanted or needed.

• Second, it’s critical to understand the local culture of where you are providing relief. Even within Japan, the Tohoku region is but one of many places with its own traditions, customs, and ways of operating.

• Third, it’s important to treat survivors as active partners in the relief effort, rather than passive victims. For much of the week we were there, we were working inside the severely-damaged homes of the fishermen and their families. We were careful to respect their property and invite them to participate fully in the relief efforts. In fact, more often than not, they were guiding volunteers through the process and providing encouragement when we felt overwhelmed by the sheer size and scope of the devastation.

While five years have passed, I will always remember my volunteer experience in Ishinomaki. It was certainly the toughest, yet most rewarding, thing I have ever done in my life. There were times when I felt like I could not continue, but the strength I received from my fellow volunteers and the local survivors sustained me through the week. Five years on, I still pray for the souls of the departed and hope that the survivors are not forgotten in the daily news cycle or the rush toward the Tokyo Olympics in 2020. It is essential that we never forget those lessons learned and never stop helping the people affected by that terrible tragedy in Tohoku.


Mark_Tohoku1Mark Flanigan is a U.S. Army veteran who has also lived in Japan twice as a civilian (from 2000-04 as a member of the JET Program in Nagasaki and 2010-12 as a Rotary Peace Fellow at ICU in Tokyo). While Mark did not serve specifically in the military in Japan, he is a proud Army veteran and has been associated with Japan personally and professionally for over 15 years. Since graduating from ICU in 2012, Mark has been working as a Program Director for the Japan ICU Foundation in NYC. He additionally serves as a Board Member of the Japan Exchange Teaching Program Alumni Association of New York (JETAANY).

2024 The Japan U.S. Military Program (JUMP)

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